D-Aspartic Acid >>>
aspartic acid, according to official bodybuilding website, is defined as the D-form of the aspartic acid, occurring principally in the pituitary gland, hypothalamus, and testes. The other form is L-aspartate. There is evidence that D-Aspartic acid plays a role in sperm production and that it is involved in the release of testosterone (T), growth hormone (GH), and luteinizing hormone (LH). It also modulates melatonin synthesis and is found in high concentration in the pineal gland. Read More>>>
Carnosine (beta-alanyl-L-histidine), according to Wikipedia, is a dipeptide of the amino acids beta-alanine and histidine. It is highly concentrated in skeletal muscle, the lenses of the eyes, the brain and the nervous system. Unlike other amino acids, as an antioxidant, L-carnosine has the ability to continue working even when cells are being attacked by free radicals, preventing further or total damage. Food sources for L-carnosine are from animals, especially beef, pork and chicken. It is often misspelled as carnosin. Read More >>>
Beta Alanine >>>
β-Alanine (or beta-alanine), according to Wikipedia, is a naturally occurring beta amino acid, which is an amino acid in which the amino group is at the β-position from the carboxylate group. The IUPAC name for β-alanine is 3-aminopropanoic acid. Unlike its counterpart α-alanine, β-alanine has no stereocenter.
Structurally, beta-alanine is a hybrid between the potent neurotransmitters L-glycine and GABA, which may explain why consumers often claim to experience a caffeine-like response from it. Beta-alanine is even gaining support within the scientific community for being secondarily classified as a neurotransmitter. Read More >>>
Conjugated linoleic acid refers to a group of chemicals found in the fatty acid linoleic acid. According to the review of the Wikipedia, at least 28 isomers of linoleic acid are found in the conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). CLAs can be either cis- or trans-fats and the double bonds of CLAs are conjugated and separated by a single bond between them.
The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) categorizes Conjugated linoleic acid （CLA） as generally recognized as safe (GRAS) status for certain food categories, including fluid milk, yogurt, meal replacement shakes, nutritional bars, fruit juices and soy milk. With GRAS status, dietary supplement companies are able to add CLA to products in these food categories. Read More >>>